Traumatic Brain Injury is the number one killer and disabler of young Canadians under the age of 40.
The true numbers are staggering...
According to the US Center for Disease Control (USCDC) brain injury from trauma alone:
- occurs at an annual rate of 500/100,000 individuals (166,455 in Canada, and 22,000 in BC each year).
- that is 456 people every day, one person injured every 3 minutes in Canada!
- occurs at a rate 100 times that of spinal cord injury.
- has a population prevalence in excess of 2% (700,000 in Canada, 80,000 in BC living with permanent disability from brain injury)
- is the greatest killer under the age of 45, the greatest disabler under the age of 44 and kills more children under the age of 20 than all other causes combined.
No reliable estimates have been completed in Canada to date. The USCDC keeps data relating to trauma-based injury only (Motor Vehicle Crashes, falls, sports related trauma, assault etc). Other acquired injury (stroke, aneurysm, anoxic events, tumors, infections, toxins, surgical procedures, drugs and alcohol, electrocutions, arterial venus malformations, etc.) is estimated to double incidence and prevalence rates.
Over 50% of traumatic brain injuries come from falls and motor vehicle accidents.
What's the big deal?
- Annual incidence greater than Multiple Sclerosis, Spinal Cord Injury, HIV/AIDS and Breast Cancer combined!
- Annual cost estimated at $3 billion
- 53% of the homeless in Toronto report history of traumatic brain injury, 72% of which prior to being homeless
- Of 235 provincial prison inmates interviewed, 44% reported a history of traumatic brain injury